The article you are summarizing must be on original research performed by the author(s).
Original research is research conducted by the author(s) of the article and is being published
for the first time.
Research articles usually contain 5 sections and may contain subsections. The sections are:
1. Abstract â€“ this is a very brief summary of the paper
2. Introduction â€“ background information and why the research is important
3. Materials and Methods â€“ the procedures used by the researchers
4. Results â€“ the results of the study
5. Discussion â€“ what the results mean and the significance of the study
Some journals use different names for the sections and sometimes arrange them differently.
Each article will have an abstract, which is a summary of the article by the author(s). The
abstract is much shorter than what you need to write.
Review articles cannot be used. Review articles summarize information on a particular topic
using many research articles as sources. Review articles do not contain the sections noted
In addition, the article you summarize must be 9 or more pages in total length, and you may be
asked to provide the article you are summarizing after your summary has been turned in.
Only peer reviewed journals may be used as sources of articles to summarize. Peer reviewed
journals are those which publish scientific articles that have been reviewed by scientists
knowledgeable in the field of study prior to publication.
Examples of journals that can be used: PLOS ONE, Biological Bulletin, Marine Biology,
Plant Physiology, Auk, Cell, Journal of Experimental Biology â€“ there are
many many additional journals that can be used
Examples of magazines that cannot be used: National Geographic, Discover, Scientific
American, Popular Science, Science News, American Scientist, anything published by the
BBC, and more â€“ popular science publications (such as those listed above) are not peer
Format and length
Double spaced, except for the article citation
12 point font, 1 inch margins, 1 to 2 pages
Use .doc, .docx, or .odt file formats
No title page
The top of the first page should be the citation of the article under review
Citations should be written as a bibliographic reference:
Author(s). Year. Title. Journal Volume: page numbers.
Nimoy, L and Kelley, D. 1967. Reproduction rate of tribbles varies with food
intake. Vulcan Journal of Biology 2: 15-29.
Biological Discovery extra credit
After the citation, double space then your name
After your name, double space then your review
I do not grade by length or weight. A well written summary that is 3/4 of a page will be better
received than a poorly written summary that is 2 full pages.