Business Case Analysis

Netlfix Memo.

1. Define Netflix’s competitive advantage. Why is Netflix so successful?

2.How would you recommend that Netflix overcome it’s challenges in the international market?

3.Conduct a SWOT analysis for Netflix, and provide strategic suggestions based on that analysis.

1000 words minimum

Equal wieght to all questions. Each question must be answered distinctly.

Netlfix PDF attached.



NETFLIX: INTERNATIONAL EXPANSION1 Won-Yong Oh and Duane Myer wrote this case solely to provide material for class discussion. The authors do not intend to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a managerial situation. The authors may have disguised certain names and other identifying information to protect confidentiality. This publication may not be transmitted, photocopied, digitized or otherwise reproduced in any form or by any means without the permission of the copyright holder. Reproduction of this material is not covered under authorization by any reproduction rights organization. To order copies or request permission to reproduce materials, contact Ivey Publishing, Ivey Business School, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, N6G 0N1; (t) 519.661.3208; (e); Copyright © 2016, Richard Ivey School of Business Foundation Version: 2016-04-26

In October 2015, Netflix released its report on its third-quarter earnings. Although growth in the United States was weak, with profits dropping 50 per cent compared with the year before, the number of international subscribers was nonetheless increasing at a rapid pace. However, not all international subscribers were satisfied with Netflix’s service.2 Global expansion was strategically important for the company to offset the financial impact of its slow growth in the domestic market. Reed Hastings, the chief executive officer (CEO) of Netflix, stated that accelerating the company’s international expansion would put it on the right track and would offer resources for reinvestment in its service, as well as developing and licensing more content.3 However, U.S. operations still represented about two-thirds of Netflix’s revenues, and the company faced challenges ahead in its push to expand internationally. COMPANY OVERVIEW Netflix was a publicly traded company that offered subscription video streaming and online digital video disc (DVD) and Blu-ray Disc rental services, all for a flat fee of US$7.99 a month.4 By January 2016, the company had an estimated 74 million subscribers worldwide, ranging from its domestic market of the United States to markets as geographically diverse as South Korea and Poland. As of 2015, Netflix employed more than 3,500 full-time employees and reported revenues upwards of $6.78 billion (see Exhibit 1). Its plans for 2016 included further expansions targeting a worldwide market (barring selected countries with stringent regulatory restrictions).5 The company’s status as a dominant power in the Internet streaming services industry found its roots in relatively humble beginnings. Netflix was conceived as the solution to the common, but annoying, problem of overdue fees on video rentals. Founded in 1997 in California by current CEO Hastings and entrepreneur Marc Randolph, the idea for Netflix came about after Hastings faced a $40 late fee on a video he rented and forgot to return for six weeks.6

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This document is authorized for use only by Patrick Vitale in BUS400-Spring2017 taught by Michael Roberto, Bryant University from January 2017 to July 2017.



Page 2 9B16M070 The Rise of Netflix and the Demise of Blockbuster At the time of Netflix’s conception and launch, the video-rental industry was dominated by Blockbuster, a video-rental company that relied on multiple locations in suburban centres and the willingness of customers to patronize its locations. Randolph and Hastings launched the Netflix website on April 14, 1998, as a pay- per-rental DVD-mailing service, charging $0.50 per rental. They introduced the concept of a subscription- based service in 1999, moving away from the idea of stand-alone rental stores that Blockbuster had popularized.7 Netflix experienced substantial growth at the turn of the new millennium. In 2002, it launched an initial public offering (IPO) to sell shares of its common stock, selling 5.5 million shares at $15 per share. The popularity of Netflix’s business model quickly resulted in the obsolescence of the model that Blockbuster had so successfully utilized. Ironically, the video-rental store chain was offered the opportunity to purchase Netflix in 2000 for $50 million, but Blockbuster declined the offer.8 On September 23, 2010, amidst the rising demand for streaming services and declining demand for DVD rentals and sales, Blockbuster, facing declining market share and $900 million in debt, filed for bankruptcy protection.9 Move to Internet Streaming and VOD In 2007, Netflix began to reengineer its core business model away from mail-order DVD rentals to Internet streaming and video-on-demand (VOD), accurately predicting that the volume of DVD sales and rentals would eventually fall.10 By 2010, its streaming service had experienced substantial growth and expansion in the U.S. market (see Exhibit 2), a change that soon became reflected in a shift of corporate strategy in 2011. In the same year, Netflix announced its intentions to separate and rebrand its DVD-rental service as the stand-alone subsidiary company Qwikster, effectively dividing its two core services and focusing its existing brand and activities on its streaming service. The intended strategy was never implemented, largely due to subscriber backlash that resulted in the company’s first-ever decline in subscribers.11 Since 2011, the company had experienced steady periods of growth in both subscriber numbers and total revenue. In 2014, the company hit a subscriber milestone when it surpassed 50 million worldwide subscribers, 36 million of whom were in the United States.12 Netflix had supplemented its role as a content provider by providing original content, acting as a developer of popular TV programs such as Orange Is the New Black and House of Cards. Netflix concluded the 2015 fiscal year with a market value of $32.9 billion, making it more financially valuable than established television networks such as CBS.13 Business Model Netflix’s business model was dependent upon the full integration of the Internet — its successful incorporation and utilization of the Internet were critical in competing against, and eventually overtaking, Blockbuster in the home entertainment industry. Netflix generated revenue primarily through its subscription system, through which subscribers paid a flat monthly fee to have access to its digital library of movies, television shows, and other original content. Although Netflix moved away from its roots as a primarily DVD-by-mail service, the company continued to generate significant cash flow from its business in the DVD-by-mail sector.14 Its DVD-by-mail business,

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Page 3 9B16M070 which operated only in the United States, generated $80 million in contribution profit in the last quarter of 2015, with about 4.9 million members.15 However, the company did not generate any revenue from providing advertising services. In June 2015, Hastings restated his decision on this topic: “No advertising coming onto Netflix. Period.”16 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW The Internet television and video-streaming industry revolutionized the way people accessed entertainment. The VOD business model contributed to the demise of video-rental stores like Blockbuster by offering a wide selection of new releases in a content delivery system that was faster and more convenient for the consumer. The industry benefited from the improvement of streaming technology and in the further development of mobile devices, from which viewers could access streamed content. With the widespread adoption of mobile viewing platforms like tablets, large-screen smartphones, and laptops, VOD capitalized on the business opportunities available by streaming through the Internet. The Internet was an indispensable tool in launching the content-streaming service, but companies in the industry found themselves competing with video file sharing websites like the Pirate Bay and Megaupload, which offered viewers the same, if lower- quality, content for free by avoiding expensive licensing agreements with content providers. Competition The industry was traditionally dominated by a small number of firms, but a diverse range of companies had been looking to expand into the Internet video-streaming business. Many firms operating in the Internet streaming industry sought exclusive licensing agreements with content providers, whether they were cable television networks or production studios. Although Netflix retained a significant portion of market share in the industry, an increasing number of new entrants had changed the competitive landscape with unique competitive advantages. One such firm was Hulu, a subsidiary of Hulu LLC, which was a joint venture between The Walt Disney Company, NBC Universal Television Group, and 21st Century Fox Inc. Conceived and launched in 2006, Hulu offered streaming services to subscribers in the United States and Japan and delivered a wide range of content from its content partners for a monthly subscription fee ranging from $7.99 to $11.99 — the higher fee removing advertisements. By 2015, Hulu had an estimated 9 million subscribers and had managed to secure exclusive streaming rights to a number of popular television programs.17 New entrants to the industry also came in the form of multinational information technology companies that expanded their business interests into the Internet video-streaming sector. An example of such a company was e-commerce giant Amazon, which took advantage of its enormous global customer base, strong brand, and powerful computing infrastructure to launch its Amazon Video service. Launched in 2006, Amazon Video was available in a number of countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan, and had an estimated 44 million users, second only to Netflix in market share in the streaming industry. Unlike its competitors, Amazon Video offered users the option to rent or buy movies and television shows without purchasing a subscription. The service was also accessible on a wide range of viewing platforms and streaming devices, from the standard web browser to game consoles such as Xbox and PlayStation.18

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Page 4 9B16M070 NEW STRATEGIC INITIATIVES To overcome competition, and to provide unique content to customers, Hastings decided to pursue exclusive licensing agreements and partnerships to develop original content. This move helped Netflix decrease its reliance on content providers. Netflix also began pursuing an aggressive international expansion strategy, which further helped it achieve its goals. Developing Exclusive Content In 2013, the political drama House of Cards, starring Kevin Spacey and Kate Mara, was released on Netflix, making it the first content available exclusively on the streaming service. Netflix had begun the process of securing exclusive rights to content in March of 2011, and the success of House of Cards quickly spurned further exclusive partnership deals with content providers, which laid the foundation for Netflix to develop its own content in-house.19 Netflix had exclusive distribution rights to television projects from established Hollywood producers such as Lana and Andy Wachowski (Sense8) and Judd Apatow (Love) and had also secured partnerships with Hollywood studios such as The Walt Disney Company and its associated subsidiaries to gain exclusive streaming rights.20 Netflix had ambitious goals for the future of its exclusive content; Hastings stated that the company wanted its original content to be “as broad as human experience.”21 The company’s decision to secure exclusive rights to content was fruitful. As of 2015, the most-watched series on Netflix was Orange Is the New Black — one of its exclusive content dramas. The show had been streaming exclusively on Netflix since 2013 and had generated a loyal following and critical acclaim since its debut.22 Netflix also ventured into securing the licensing of feature films, which diversified its exclusive content beyond television shows. In 2015, Netflix purchased exclusive global distribution rights to the film Beasts of No Nation, which was released to its subscribers on October 16, 2015, the same day that it was distributed to movie theatres.23 The film was met with critical acclaim and won numerous awards upon its release. Despite the critical and commercial success of the film, Netflix’s venture into the film industry was met with backlash by established stalwarts in the industry. The film’s simultaneous release through online streaming was viewed by American movie theatres as a violation of the industry’s 90-day release exclusivity. That rule restricted films from being made available online within 90 days of being released to conventional movie theatres. Netflix’s actions resulted in a boycott of the film from major movie theatre chains.24 Netflix planned to continue securing exclusive licensing deals from content providers in the future but was also looking towards further reducing its dependence on content providers by solely producing its own content. The decision to produce its own shows came amidst increasing resistance from content providers such as 21st Century Fox Inc., who were becoming reluctant to license their content to third-party streaming services. By creating its own television shows, Netflix would increase financial commitment and risk. Nonetheless, as of late 2015, the company had leased studio space in Hollywood to begin filming episodes of television shows. In 2016, the company expected to provide 600 hours of original programming, compared with 450 hours in 2015.25

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This document is authorized for use only by Patrick Vitale in BUS400-Spring2017 taught by Michael Roberto, Bryant University from January 2017 to July 2017.



Page 5 9B16M070 International Expansion Since 2010, Netflix had adopted an aggressive expansion strategy into the global market to offset slow domestic growth in its U.S. market. It also stated its target to expand into 200 countries and establish itself as a global force by 2016. This desire for international expansion had been fuelled by slow growth in a saturated domestic market and by positive results from past entrances into global markets such as Canada. Before it adopted this international expansion strategy, Netflix reported subscriber growth rates of around 2.4 million people per year. The subscriber growth rate jumped to an average of 7 million subscribers per year following its entrance into the streaming markets of Canada, Europe, and Latin America.26 Netflix reported a record growth of 2.74 million subscribers in its international segment in the third quarter of 2015 and projected subscriber growth in this business segment to increase substantially in the future.27 Netflix tried to establish a successful business model for minimizing the risks associated with entering a new market. The company accounted for the cultural differences among regional audiences by entering the markets with limited-time offers, which minimized the financial involvement and potential risks of rolling out the full service in an untested market. It utilized the data gained from these initial subscribers — mostly the types of programming they streamed — to more effectively create region-specific business models that took into account subscriber behaviour in the given market.28 Netflix had also recently implemented elements of its new domestic strategic direction — the exclusive licensing of content and developing its own content for streaming — into its international expansion strategy. For example, in preparation for its launch into the Japanese market in the fall of 2015, Netflix partnered with Japanese talent agency Yoshimoto Kogyo to produce exclusive local programs. The deal between Netflix and Kogyo involved Netflix providing funding for the development of a number of programs by the talent agency in exchange for exclusive streaming rights to the programs for a set amount of time.29 In January 2016, Netflix made clear its intentions to further its international growth when it announced that its service would be made available in 130 new countries, which expanded its reach to over 190 countries worldwide. The decision meant that Netflix became available in nearly every country in the world, except those that had sanctions imposed upon them by the U.S. government. Notably absent from the list of 130 countries was China, a significant streaming market.30 CHALLENGES Netflix’s implementation of its expansion strategy was not without issues. The company was subject to both U.S. and host country regulations, and it needed to adapt its content offerings to serve the local customers’ needs. In spite of its high brand recognition in the United States, Netflix faced severe competition from local pay television operators and VOD service providers in many countries. Due to these factors, Netflix was expecting to have to make a substantial investment to implement its ambitious international expansion plan. Regulatory Restrictions As an American company, Netflix was still subject to regulatory restrictions imposed by the U.S. government. The impact of these restrictions was apparent in its January 2016 expansion announcement, with countries like Syria absent from its line-up.

For the exclusive use of P. Vitale, 2017.

This document is authorized for use only by Patrick Vitale in BUS400-Spring2017 taught by Michael Roberto, Bryant University from January 2017 to July 2017.



Page 6 9B16M070 More concerning for the future of its expansion strategy, however, were the regulatory restrictions imposed by the governments of the countries that Netflix chose for expansion. For example, Indonesia’s censorship agency claimed that much of Netflix’s content was unsuitable for local audiences. Vietnamese regulators were also cautious on similar grounds, and Malaysia was likely to require that Netflix follow its censorship policy, largely due to religious reasons.31 China, in spite of its highly attractive market with its enormous, broadband-capable population, was very difficult to operate in because of regulatory challenges. More specifically, entering the Chinese market had proven challenging for Netflix due to strict regulations imposed on the country’s media and entertainment industries. However, Netflix was still exploring possible ways to launch its services in China.32 Local Adaptation The adaptation of content to suit regional markets was another critical challenge in Netflix’s international expansion. Netflix’s aggressive growth strategy came under criticism from industry analysts. They claimed that Netflix was outpacing its ability to provide area-specific, modified content to international subscribers and to develop market penetration strategies that were specific to the host country. David Sidebottom, an analyst at Futuresource Consultancy, pointed out that “people are also more reluctant to pay for a monthly subscription to a video service in France and Germany.”33 In addition, despite its presence in more than 190 countries, Netflix only had service available in 20 languages, which put it at a severe disadvantage when competing with the domestic content providers that were present in each country. For example, analysts noted that in India, where only 5 to 7 per cent of households watched television in English, Netflix offered its service only in English. Netflix was also compromised in its ability to stream licensed content when providing access to international subscribers, resulting in severely limited content availability in comparison to that offered to American subscribers. To mitigate restrictions on content availability and the lack of region-specific programming, which was often preferred by domestic television audiences, Netflix explored partnerships and joint ventures with content providers in these markets. This proved to be an expensive strategy. Estimates for Netflix’s spending on international content creation were around $5 billion for 2016.34 Competition in the Global Markets35 Netflix faced severe competition from incumbent pay television operators and established subscription VOD service providers in local markets. In some countries, Netflix managed the local competition successfully. For example, in September 2010, Netflix launched in Canada and recorded a higher percentage of penetration than it had recorded in the United States (about 45 per cent). Two major domestic service providers already existed in Canada. Shomi was co-owned by Shaw Communications and Rogers Communications, and CraveTV was owned by BCE Bell Canada. However, both of these services had a much lower market share than Netflix. Netflix was unable to repeat such success in many other countries. For example, India already had four major service providers (Eros Now, Ditto TV, Spuul, and Hotstar) that had substantial customer bases and content. Eros Now had 30 million registered users and rights to over 3,000 Bollywood movies. Ditto TV, owned by Zee Entertainment Enterprises, launched in February 2012 with over 20 million customers. Netflix also faced the problem of relatively underdeveloped infrastructure. Network quality was generally poor, and 4G wireless technology was only starting to gain momentum.

For the exclusive use of P. Vitale, 2017.

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Page 7 9B16M070 In some countries, Netflix was also facing competitors from both home and host countries. Netflix entered the Japanese market in September 2015, where Rakuten Showtime, one of the strongest local competitors, had over 100,000 movies, dramas, animations, and sports programs. In addition to the local players, Netflix was competing with Hulu Japan, which offered access to 13,000 movies, TV dramas, and anime shows. Financial Costs The investment costs of Netflix’s international expansion were formidable. These included not only costs that the company incurred directly through licensing and development but also costs that the company could not control. The cost of broadband and Internet availability in a given market could have a great impact on the company. In fact, Netflix’s profitability in a given market depended upon its availability of the Internet in a country, as well as the ability of the country’s infrastructure to support widespread streaming services. Only 31 per cent of households in developing countries had access to the Internet.36 Direct costs incurred by the company included partnerships with domestic content providers for exclusive access to original programming, as well as marketing, distribution, and technology costs associated with rolling out the service. A significant cost for international expansion had been the fees that Netflix paid for global licensing deals. This was a necessary expense for addressing issues with restricted access to American content in regional licensing deals. In order to compete with both global and domestic competitors, Netflix paid significant premiums for these global licensing deals, which resulted in very high costs for its international business segment.37 In the third quarter of 2015, outside of the United States, Netflix reported losses of $68 million, more than double the $31 million loss it reported the year before for its international business segment.38 Although Netflix’s international expansion aimed to be profitable in the long term, the high costs of undertaking its ambitious strategy resulted in it operating at a significant loss in the short term. WHAT’S NEXT? Netflix had been pursuing aggressive international expansion in Europe, Asia-Pacific, and all around the world, mainly through organic growth initiatives. Hastings believed that the novelty of the strategic plan and the company’s constant efforts to improve the services would pay off in the long run. However, in many countries, the market environment was often very different from the environment in the United States. Netflix was facing substantial uncertainties and challenges as it moved into the global arena. Audiences had strong preferences for local-language and local-content service offerings. The pricing strategy was comparable to its North America and Europe plans, which made local competitors more affordable, leaving piracy as an attractive option in developing countries. Regulatory risk was another challenge in many countries. Could Netflix be as successful in the global markets as it had been in the United States?

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Page 8 9B16M070


2015 2014 2013 2012 2011

Per Share Data ($)

Cash flow 1.65 0.04 0.07 0.05 0.86

Earnings 0.28 0.62 0.26 0.04 0.59

Book Value 5.06 4.08 2.89 1.91 1.00

Income Statement Summary (Million $)

Revenue 6,780 5,505 4,375 3,609 3,205

Gross Profit 2,188 1,752 1,291 983 1,165

Total Operating Expense 1,882 1,349 1,063 933 789

Operating income 306 403 228 50 376

Interest Expense 133 53 29 20 20

Income Before Taxes 142 349 171 30 360

Net Income 123 267 112 17 226

EBITDA 337 3,184 249 96 423

Balance Sheet Summary (Million $)

Cash 2,311 1,608 1,200 748 798

Current Assets 5,432 3,940 3,059 2,421 1,831

Total Assets 10,203 7,057 5,413 3,968 3,069

Current Liabilities 3,530 2663 2,154 1,676 1,225

Non-Current Liabilities 4,450 2,536 1,925 1,547 1,201

Total Liabilities 7,979 5,199 4,079 3,223 2,426

Long-Term Debt 2,371 900 500 400 400

Total Stockholders’ Equity 2,223 1,858 1,334 745 643

Financials and Key Ratio Analysis

Operating Cash Flow (Million $) 749 16 98 23 318

Free Cash Flow (Million $) 841 128 44 19 268

Current Ratio 1.54 1.48 1.42 1.34 1.49

Quick Ratio 0.65 0.60 0.56 0.45 0.65

Debt-to-Equity Ratio 1.07 0.48 0.37 0.54 0.62

Asset Turnover 0.79 0.88 0.93 1.03 1.58

Gross Margin (%) 32.3 31.8 29.5 27.2 36.3

Operating Margin (%) 4.5 7.3 5.2 1.4 11.7

Return on Assets (%) 1.42 4.28 2.40 0.49 11.16

Return on Equity (%) 6.01 16.72 10.82 2.47 48.47

Return on Invested Capital (%) 6.46 13.39 8.83 2.73 30.10

Note: EBITDA = Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. Fiscal year ends in December. Source: Morningstar financials and company annual reports.

For the exclusive use of P. Vitale, 2017.

This document is authorized for use only by Patrick Vitale in BUS400-Spring2017 taught by Michael Roberto, Bryant University from January 2017 to July 2017.





Note: * indicates estimated numbers. Source: “Number of Digital TV and Movie Viewers in the U.S. 2012–2017 (Forecast),” Statista, accessed February 15, 2016


120.7 130.7

136.4 141 145.3

79.7 79.7 91.4

100.9 108.2











2012 2013* 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017*

Digital TV Viewers

Digital Movie Viewers

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Page 10 9B16M070 ENDNOTES

1 This case has been written on the basis of published sources only. Consequently, the interpretation and perspectives presented in this case are not necessarily those of Netflix or any of its employees. 2 Mark Scott and Elian Peltier, “Netflix Faces Challengers in Its Push to Expand Globally,” New York Times, October 18, 2015, accessed January 17, 2016, globally.html?_r=0. 3 Emily Steel, “Netflix Accelerates Ambitious Global Expansion as U.S. Growth Slows,” New York Times, January 20, 2015, accessed January 17, 2016, 4 All currency amounts are in US$ unless otherwise specified. 5 Reed Hastings and David Wells, “Q4 15 Letter to Shareholders,” Netflix, January 19, 2016, accessed January 29, 2016, 74363CEE35A1/Q4_15_Letter_to_Shareholders_-_COMBINED.pdf. 6 Amy Zipkin, “Out of Africa, Onto the Web,” New York Times, December 17, 2006, accessed January 29, 2016, 7 Jeffrey M. O’Brien, “The Netflix Effect,” Wired, December 1, 2002, accessed January 29, 2016, 8 Celena Chong, “Blockbuster’s CEO Once Passed Up a Chance to Buy Netflix for Only $50 Million,” Business Insider, July 17, 2015, accessed April 8, 2016, 2015-7. 9 Mike Spector, “Blockbuster to Remake Itself Under Creditors,” The Wall Street Journal, September 24, 2010, accessed January 29, 2016, 10 Matt Peckham, “DVD Sales Plunge in U.S., Digital Sales on the Rise,” Time, May 4, 2011, accessed January 29, 2016, 11 Mark Milian, “Netflix Renames DVD-by-Mail Service, Adds Video Games,” CNN, September 19, 2011, accessed January 29, 2016, 12 Richard Lawler, “Netflix Crosses 50 Million Subscribers Worldwide and Takes Aim at Comcast/TWC,” Engadget, July 21, 2014, accessed January 29, 2016, 13 Joseph Baxter, “Netflix Is Now Worth More Than CBS,” Cinemablend, April 1, 2015, accessed January 29, 2016, 14 Bill McColl, “Netflix’s Business Model: It’s No House of Cards,” Yahoo! Finance, April 16, 2015, accessed February 13, 2016,—it-s-no-house-of-cards-173628471.html. 15 Todd Spangler, “Netflix Hits 75 Million Streaming Subscribers on Strong Overseas Growth,” Variety, January 19, 2016, accessed February 13, 2016, 1201683114/. 16 Todd Spangler, “Why Netflix Adoption of Video Advertising Would Be a Total Disaster,” Variety, June 8, 2015, accessed February 13, 2016, 17 Mike Hopkins, “Hulu Announces Overall Growth and Unveils New Content Deals at 2015 Upfront Presentation,” Business Wire, April 29, 2015, accessed January 29, 2016, Growth-Unveils-Content-Deals-2015#.VZH42u1Viko. 18 Lucas Shaw, “Amazon Said Planning to Add Other Online Networks to Prime Video,” Bloomberg Business, November 25, 2015, accessed January 29, 2016, online-networks-to-prime-video. 19 Nellie Andreeva, “It’s Official: Netflix Picks Up David Fincher–Kevin Spacey Series ‘House of Cards,’” Deadline, March 18, 2011, accessed February 7, 2016, house-of-cards-115257/. 20 BBC News, “Marvel TV Shows to Debut on Netflix,” BBC News Services, November 8, 2013, accessed February 7, 2016, 21 Emily Steel, “Netflix Is Betting its Future on Exclusive Programming,” New York Times, April 19, 2015, accessed February 13, 2016, 22 Cynthia Littleton, “’Orange Is the New Black’ Renewed for 3 Seasons by Netflix,” Variety, February 5, 2016, accessed February 7, 2016, 23 Daniel Hurwitz, “Netflix to Stream ‘Beasts of No Nation,’” USA Today, March 3, 2015, accessed February 7, 2016, 24 Ben Child, “Netflix’s Beasts of No Nation Boycotted by Big Four US Cinema Chains,” The Guardian, March 4, 2015, accessed February 7, 2016, 25 Lucas Shaw, “Netflix to Make More Shows of Its Own,” Bloomberg Business, September 24, 2015, accessed February 7, 2016, 26 Dave Smith, “Chart of the Day: Netflix’s Brilliant Expansion Plan,” Business Insider, September 15, 2014, accessed February 7 2016, 27 Trefis Team, “Netflix Q3 Earnings: International Expansion Will Lead Future Subscriber Growth,” Forbes, October 16, 2015, accessed February 7, 2016, will-lead-future-subscriber-growth/#1e984316544d.


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Page 11 9B16M070 28 Emma Hall, “Netflix Braves Cultural Barriers for European Expansion,” Ad Age, September 18, 2014, accessed February 7, 2016, 29 Mark Schilling, “Netflix in Japan Production Pact with Yoshimoto Kogyo, Say Reports,” Variety, June 9, 2015, accessed February 7, 2016, 30 Emily Steel, “At CES, Netflix Adds Over 130 Countries to Streaming Service,” New York Times, January 6, 2016, accessed February 7, 2016, 31 Patrick Frater, “Netflix Faces Challenges as It Plans a Global Launch, Particularly in Asia,” Variety, February 5, 2016, accessed February 13, 2016, 32 Janko Roettgers, “Netflix’s China Expansion Could Take ‘Many Years,’ CEO Reed Hastings Cautions,” Variety, January 19, 2016, accessed February 7, 2016, 33 Scott and Peltier, op. cit. 34 Scott Roxborough, “Fact-Checking Reed Hastings: Netflix’s Big Challenge Overseas,” The Hollywood Reporter, January 13, 2016, accessed February 7, 2016, 35 Tim Nollen and Ankesh Agarwala, “Netflix: Local Views on Global Expansion,” Macquarie Research Report, January 13, 2016, Macquarie Capital (USA) Inc. 36 Todd Spangler, “Netflix Wants the World: Can It Really Expand into 200 Countries in 2 Years?” Variety, January 22, 2015, accessed February 7, 2016, countries-in-2-years-1201411740/. 37 Scott and Peltier, op. cit. 38 Nyshka Chandran, “Asian Expansion Is No Quick-fix for Netflix,” CNBC, October 15, 2015, accessed February 7, 2016,

For the exclusive use of P. Vitale, 2017.

This document is authorized for use only by Patrick Vitale in BUS400-Spring2017 taught by Michael Roberto, Bryant University from January 2017 to July 2017.

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