Comparative financial statements for Weaver Company

Question 1 Comparative financial statements for Weaver Company follow:


Weaver Company Comparative Balance Sheet December 31, 2014 and 2013
  2014 2013
  Cash $ 5     $ 12    
  Accounts receivable   307       230    
  Inventory   156       195    
  Prepaid expenses   8       6    
  Total current assets   476       443    
  Property, plant, and equipment   508       429    
       Less accumulated depreciation   (86)      (71)   
  Net property, plant, and equipment   422       358    
  Long-term investments   27       33    
  Total assets $ 925 $ 834








  Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity        
  Accounts payable $ 304     $ 226    
  Accrued liabilities   72       79    
  Income taxes payable   72       64    
  Total current liabilities   448       369    
  Bonds payable   198       170    
  Total liabilities   646       539    
  Common stock   162       202    
  Retained earnings   117       93    
  Total stockholders’ equity   279   295
  Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 925 $ 834










Weaver Company Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2014
  Sales     $ 751
  Cost of goods sold       446
  Gross margin       305
  Selling and administrative expenses       221




  Net operating income       84
  Nonoperating items:        
      Gain on sale of investments $ 6    
      Loss on sale of equipment   (3)   3








  Income before taxes       87
  Income taxes       23
  Net income     $ 64






     During 2014, Weaver sold some equipment for $18 that had cost $31 and on which there was accumulated depreciation of $10. In addition, the company sold long-term investments for $12 that had cost $6 when purchased several years ago. A cash dividend was paid during 2014 and the company repurchased $40 of its own stock. Weaver did not retire any bonds during 2014.

rev: 09_17_2014_QC_54316

a Using the information in (1) above, along with an analysis of the remaining balance sheet accounts, prepare a statement of cash flows for 2014. (List any deduction in cash and cash outflows as negative amounts.)
b Using the indirect method, determine the net cash for operating activities for 2014. (Negative amount should be entered with a minus sign.)
c Using the information in (1) above, along with an analysis of the remaining balance sheet accounts, prepare a statement of cash flows for 2014. (List any deduction in cash and cash outflows as negative amounts.)


Question 2 You have just been hired as a financial analyst for Lydex Company, a manufacturer of safety helmets. Your boss has asked you to perform a comprehensive analysis of the company’s financial statements, including comparing Lydex’s performance to its major competitors. The company’s financial statements for the last two years are as follows:



Lydex Company Comparative Balance Sheet
  This Year Last Year
  Current assets:        
     Cash $ 1,040,000 $ 1,280,000
     Marketable securities   0   300,000
     Accounts receivable, net   3,020,000   2,120,000
     Inventory   3,680,000   2,300,000
     Prepaid expenses   270,000   210,000








  Total current assets   8,010,000   6,210,000
  Plant and equipment, net   9,680,000   9,130,000








  Total assets $ 17,690,000 $ 15,340,000












  Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity        
     Current liabilities $ 4,090,000 $ 3,140,000
     Note payable, 10%   3,720,000   3,120,000








  Total liabilities   7,810,000   6,260,000








  Stockholders’ equity:        
      Common stock, $75 par value   7,500,000   7,500,000
      Retained earnings   2,380,000   1,580,000








  Total stockholders’ equity   9,880,000   9,080,000








  Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 17,690,000 $ 15,340,000















Lydex Company Comparative Income Statement and Reconciliation
  This Year Last Year
  Sales (all on account) $ 15,940,000 $ 14,380,000
  Cost of goods sold   12,752,000   10,785,000








  Gross margin   3,188,000   3,595,000
  Selling and administrative expenses   1,216,000   1,636,000








  Net operating income   1,972,000   1,959,000
  Interest expense   372,000   312,000








  Net income before taxes   1,600,000   1,647,000
  Income taxes (30%)   480,000   494,100








  Net income   1,120,000   1,152,900
  Common dividends   320,000   576,450








  Net income retained   800,000   576,450
  Beginning retained earnings   1,580,000   1,003,550








  Ending retained earnings $ 2,380,000 $ 1,580,000















       To begin your assigment you gather the following financial data and ratios that are typical of companies in Lydex Company’s industry:


  Current ratio 2.3  
  Acid-test ratio 1.2  
  Average collection period 32  days
  Average sale period 60  days
  Return on assets 8.6  %
  Debt-to-equity ratio .69  
  Times interest earned ratio 5.8  
  Price-earnings ratio 10  


rev: 09_17_2014_QC_54324, 12_11_2014_QC_CS-386

Garrison 15e Recheck 2015-1-19





1. You decide first to assess the company’s performance in terms of debt management and profitability. Compute the following for both this year and last year: (Round your intermediate calculations and final percentage answers to 1 decimal place. i.e., 0.123 should be considered as 12.3%. Round the rest of the intermediate calculations and final answers to 2 decimal places.)



a. The times interest earned ratio.
b. The debt-to-equity ratio.
c. The gross margin percentage.
d. The return on total assets. (Total assets at the beginning of last year were $13,150,000.)
e. The return on equity. (Stockholders’ equity at the beginning of last year totaled $8,503,550. There has been no change in common stock over the last two years.)
f. Is the company’s financial leverage positive or negative?


2. You decide next to assess the company’s stock market performance. Assume that Lydex’s stock price at the end of this year is $110 per share and that at the end of last year it was $78. For both this year and last year, compute: (Round your intermediate calculations and final percentage answers to 1 decimal place. i.e., 0.123 should be considered as 12.3%. Round the rest of the intermediate calculations and final answers to 2 decimal places.)



a. The earnings per share.
b. The dividend yield ratio.
c. The dividend payout ratio.
d. The price-earnings ratio.
e. The book value per share of common stock.


3. You decide, finally, to assess the company’s liquidity and asset management. For both this year and last year, compute: (Use 365 days in a year. Round your intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places.)



a. Working capital.
b. The current ratio.
c. The acid-test ratio.
d. The average collection period. (The accounts receivable at the beginning of last year totaled $1,750,000.)
e. The average sale period. (The inventory at the beginning of last year totaled $2,110,000.)
f. The operating cycle.
g. The total asset turnover. (The total assets at the beginning of last year totaled $14,690,000.)


Question 3 Wesco Incorporated’s only product is a combination fertilizer/weedkiller called GrowNWeed. GrowNWeed is sold nationwide to retail nurseries and garden stores.
     Zwinger Nursery plans to sell a similar fertilizer/weedkiller compound through its regional nursery chain under its own private label. Zwinger does not have manufacturing facilities of its own, so it has asked Wesco (and several other companies) to submit a bid for manufacturing and delivering a 35,000-pound order of the private brand compound to Zwinger. While the chemical composition of the Zwinger compound differs from that of GrowNWeed, the manufacturing processes are very similar.
     The Zwinger compound would be produced in 1,000-pound lots. Each lot would require 38 direct labor-hours and the following chemicals:



Chemicals Quantity in Pounds
          AG-5 300
          KL-2 200
          CW-7 180
          DF-6 320


     The first three chemicals (AG-5, KL-2, and CW-7) are all used in the production of GrowNWeed. DF-6 was used in another compound that Wesco discontinued several months ago. The supply of DF-6 that Wesco had on hand when the other compound was discontinued was not discarded. Wesco could sell its supply of DF-6 at the prevailing market price less $0.11 per pound selling and handling expenses.
     Wesco also has on hand a chemical called BH-3, which was manufactured for use in another product that is no longer produced. BH-3, which cannot be used in GrowNWeed, can be substituted for AG-5 on a one-for-one basis without affecting the quality of the Zwinger compound. The BH-3 in inventory has a salvage value of $440.
     Inventory and cost data for the chemicals that can be used to produce the Zwinger compound are shown below:


Raw Material Pounds in Inventory Actual Price per Pound When Purchased Current Market Price per Pound
      AG-5 26,000 $0.68 $0.78
      KL-2 5,300 $0.53 $0.58
      CW-7 8,500 $1.25 $1.45
      DF-6 9,900 $0.41 $0.63
      BH-3 4,700 $0.70 (Salvage)


     The current direct labor wage rate is $16 per hour. The predetermined overhead rate is based on direct labor-hours (DLH). The predetermined overhead rate for the current year, based on a two-shift capacity with no overtime, is as follows:


  Variable manufacturing overhead $ 4.80   per DLH
  Fixed manufacturing overhead   7.60   per DLH
  Combined predetermined overhead rate $ 12.40   per DLH






     Wesco’s production manager reports that the present equipment and facilities are adequate to manufacture the Zwinger compound. Therefore, the order would have no effect on total fixed manufacturing overhead costs. However, Wesco is within 490 hours of its two-shift capacity this month. Any additional hours beyond the 490 hours must be done in overtime. If need be, the Zwinger compound could be produced on regular time by shifting a portion of GrowNWeed production to overtime. Wesco’s direct labor wage rate for overtime is $24 per hour. There is no allowance for any overtime premium in the predetermined overhead rate.


1. Wesco has decided to submit a bid for the 35,000 pound order of Zwinger’s new compound. The order must be delivered by the end of the current month. Zwinger has indicated that this is a one-time order that will not be repeated. Calculate the lowest price that Wesco could bid for the order without reducing its net operating income. (Round intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places.)


2. Refer to the original data. Assume that Zwinger Nursery plans to place regular orders for 35,000-pound lots of the new compound. Wesco expects the demand for GrowNWeed to remain strong. Therefore, the recurring orders from Zwinger would put Wesco over its two-shift capacity. However, production could be scheduled so that 60% of each Zwinger order could be completed during regular hours. As another option, some GrowNWeed production could be shifted temporarily to overtime so that the Zwinger orders could be produced on regular time. Current market prices are the best available estimates of future market prices.
       Wesco’s standard markup policy for new products is 40% of the full manufacturing cost, including fixed manufacturing overhead. Calculate the price that Wesco, Inc., would quote Zwinger Nursery for each 35,000 pound lot of the new compound, assuming that it is to be treated as a new product and this pricing policy is followed. Hint: Calculate the price considering the possibility of this order being regular.(Round intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places.)


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