final draft for the project 1

Length: around 2,500-3,000 words

Audience: Instructor and Peers (Academic)

In business, reports are often based on significant research and are commonly packed with critical details and data. These documents deliver substantive information and analysis that organizations need to plan, produce, evaluate, and advance their work, including major projects. The task for these reports is to study the topic, analyze it, and present the readers the details of your analysis. They are written in objective, impersonal (yet readable) style. This project asks you to write a report for your fellow peers in which you discuss and analyze the current debate or conflict in the business field you researched for Project 1 and provide conclusions about its history, current state, and future.

Project 2 serves many purposes. First, it is intended to give you practice in writing toward a particular audience and working in a particular genre. Second, it aims to build upon the awareness and knowledge of the current state of your discipline. Third, it gives you practice with researching, analyzing sources (critical reading and thinking), and citing in APA format. Fourth, it aims to give you practice digesting large amounts of information into smaller, more succinct sections (something commonly associated with writing in the business professions).

Your research report will need to include the following elements:

  • It must be in report format, with a targeted audience of the class. (I will supply you with a template report by which to follow with required formatting elements.)
  • It should be cited using APA documentation style.
  • It must be around 2,500-3,000 words.
  • It should include a variety of sources from scholarly journals (at least 2), trade/profession publications, and popular press (newspapers, magazines, blogs, etc.). It must contain a minimum of 10 sources.
  • It should be written in a tone that is conversational and objective, as well as positive.
  • It must use correct grammar, punctuation, usage, spelling and mechanics.
  • It should use sources from 2016-present. Limit pre-2016 sources to background issues.

The report should begin with a title page and be organized as follows (again, see template report for formatting specifics):


  • State the issue or problem that the report addresses.
  • Provide brief background information and the big picture.
  • Preview the report’s content, and relate the report’s scope.


  • Organize your findings section by addressing the background/history, the current state, and the future of your topic.
  • Analyze the findings completely, accurately, and appropriately, including all relevant data and excluding all irrelevant data.
  • Interpret the findings (discuss their importance and implications) rather than just present them.
  • Present the findings using informative, parallel headings to signal the contents of sections.


  • Summarize the main points of the findings and key facts about the problem, issue, or need.
  • Draw conclusions that are supported by the evidence in your findings.
  • End the report with a sense of completion that conveys an impression that the project is important for your readers—this is known as purpose.

Back Matter:

  • At the end of your report include a properly formatted (APA) reference page.
  • Include an appendix with additional information, if called for (e.g., figures, tables, etc.).

Your work from Project 1’s Annotated Bibliography will greatly help in preparation for the drafting of the research report. Additionally, you’ll create an outline to help transition from Project 1 into the writing of Project 2. The outline follows the above organization but works in a very simplistic fashion. We will discuss some examples and tips when the time is appropriate.

Project 2 attempts to give you practice with the genre of the report. However, the report we work on in class won’t necessarily be exactly the same as ones you may work on in co-op or in your professional careers. This is intentional, as the assignment here should help build skills that you can then translate and use later in other rhetorical situations. There are many kinds of reports for many specific purposes, so keep this in mind. This is why I provide student samples to help you better understand requirements and expectations. As always, let me know if you have any questions about the project or its purposes.

Criteria and Grading for the Research Report:

  • Demonstrates an intimate current understanding of scholarship around the chosen topic/field of study in a critical and analytical way.
  • Shows appropriate organization of information (background, current state, history)
  • Incorporates tone, vocabulary, and writing style appropriate to audience
  • Demonstrates fair and responsible attitude toward a variety of source types/positions
  • Demonstrates careful crafting in regard to interpretation of source material
  • Demonstrates successful use of appropriate APA citation conventions and follows the necessary formatting shown in student samples
  • Places priority on polished, proofread writing
  • Fulfills length and genre requirements
  • A C-range grade means that the project is doing an acceptable job of fulfilling the assignment and is working at a college level. For example, a C project is often a summing up of a limited number of sources, some of which are dated. C projects frequently contain errors in organization and formatting that compromise the presentation.
  • A B-range grade means the project is doing a very good job of fulfilling the assignment, although B projects often don’t add much beyond what the assignment calls for. For example, B projects frequently do a nice job of recapping information but don’t add anything significantly new or in depth. They rely on an adequate number of sources to address the topic. A B project has limited formatting errors and an adequate organizational pattern.
  • An A-range grade means the project is doing an outstanding job—A projects go beyond merely fulfilling the assignment. They add new and interesting insights. In other words, A projects don’t simply summarize a source, they analyze and interpret as well. They place sources into conversations with one another, leading to engaged and layered analysis. The variety and range of sources in an A project lead to a complex and detailed response to the assignment. An A project is free of formatting errors and has a highly effective organizational pattern.

A plus or a minus attached to a grade has more to do with surface-level issues than it does with the content. A project filled with distracting grammatical and stylistic errors (subject-verb agreement, changes in voice, unclear references, comma splices, lack of transitions, etc.) will usually receive a minus. A project that has a few errors that can mostly be ignored will receive a full letter grade, while a plus goes to a project that is not only error-free, but uses style and expression that enhances the overall effect.

pleased write based on the common and I posted two examples to help you

I think the essay needs more elaboration and analysis. There was a lot of telling but not a lot of your own interpretation and analysis. I wish you would focus less on the technologies but more on TELEWORK itself. Please look at the sample essay, it’d give u a better idea of what your essay should look/sound like.
The first thing that stood out to me was the formatting. You should probably try to follow the format outlined in “Project 2 formatting” and reiterated in “Project 2 feedback”. Basically, format your essay like the example, with left-touching paragraphs, subheadings, page numbers and a running head, etc. Just use the example as a guide if you need a visual. Some of your headings could probably even be used as subheadings for any headings you come up with to unify ideas. Your introduction seems good. I think you should maybe add a bit more to the preview and get more specific with your preview of the content. To compensate, I think you should move some of the other information to your findings in your background/history. Your findings should be reorganized to fit the headings and subheadings format of the example. I think it will help your report flow better. Also, it just feels like a lot of the report is current state, so this might also be able to make anything you said about background/history and future more prominent by diving them more clearly. You should use some more signal phrasing and introduce some sources better. Your best was, “According to an article by Rhett Power, he wonders whether the best way to improve an office setting is by eliminating it (Power, 2019).” You can take the “Power” out of the parenthetical citation since you said his name in the sentence. However, after this sentence was when I was most confused. This made it seem like you were going to delve into what he said, but then you talk about a study instead. Was this study in the article? It just felt a little jarring. Also, you mention his name again later in the same paragraph, but then put a different citation in the same sentence his words are mentioned. Did this other article quote him? I think you should probably made this more clear. The conclusion seems fine, but you could probably be a little more specific in mentioning the technology you talked about earlier in the report.
Hi Ming, Thanks for submitting your second draft of Project 2. As you continue to revise and polish your work for Sunday’s final draft deadline, be sure you are using all the available resources to help you with your work (class feedback, sample report with comments, etc.). Should you have any specific questions about revisions, please let me know. We can certainly schedule virtual office hours or you can leave a comment on your submission with some specific concerns. Remember, I’m here and happy to help, though I do expect students to take the lead when it comes to their work. While I won’t be telling you what to fix or revise, I am here to help talk through concerns, issues, and questions to help you with your writing.
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