Historical trends and models of Career Counseling

Theories and models both describe a view of a concept such as career development. However, models tend to be more general and theories refer to a specific approach. For example, cognitive therapy is a model of psychotherapy, and Beck’s approach is a specific theory within the cognitive model. Vocational theory also has general models as well as specific theories within each of the models. **For this assignment, write a brief paper that describes and compares two career development theories and identifies where they fit into the evolution of the career counseling field. Use both of the following career development theories: *Krumboltz learning theory. *Happenstance theory. Use your own research and any applicable course readings to write an analysis of your two chosen theories. Address the following elements in your paper: *Identify and describe the two models. *Compare the principles of the models. *Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each model. *Provide a brief historical timeline summary of the development of the career counseling field, including *historical trends, as well as *where the two models fit in. **Analyze the relevance of the models to the present day career counseling environment. **Include a proper introduction and conclusion, cover page, and references.


**Assignment Requirements: Number of pages: Your paper should be 2–3 double-spaced pages, not including your cover page and references. Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point. Formatting: Be sure to use proper APA style when citing and referencing your sources. Written communication: Written communication must reflect graduate-level writing skills and successfully convey the message. Review the Historical Trends and Models Scoring Guide to ensure that you have addressed the grading expectations for this paper. Research Tip As you research each theory in this course, be sure to record each source’s reference information. Keep a separate list of references that you can use to develop your final paper for the project. This practice will save substantial time in gathering research throughout your project. RefWorks is a good tool that you can use to keep track of references. If you are unfamiliar with this research management tool, you can watch the Basic RefWorks tutorial to learn how to set up your account. Note: Your instructor may also use the APA Writing Feedback Rubric to provide additional feedback on your academic writing. The writing feedback rubric does not affect your assignment grade, but its feedback may factor into the grading criteria, if professional communication and writing is a course competency.

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