Social Science

Answer the following questions in 25 to 50 words each, using your texts as references:

  1. A researcher is interested in studying the effects of different levels of distraction—none, low, and high—on scores on a test of visual memory. Participants are randomly assigned to one of three conditions: no distraction, low distraction, or high distraction. All participants engage in a test of visual memory. What is the independent variable? What is the dependent variable?

  2. Define hypothesis, and provide an example.

  3. What is an operational definition of a variable? How might the variable sense of humor be defined operationally?
  • What is the difference between correlational research and experimental research? Why does correlational research not imply causality between the variables?

  • What is validity in counseling research? What is reliability in counseling research? Why are these concepts important?
  • What are the different scales of measurement? What is the optimal use for each scale?

Answer the following questions in 175 words

  • What are the different relationships between variables—positive, negative, curvilinear, and no relationship? 
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