Hector is philosophically opposed to unions. “Why should I be required to join an organization I don’t agree with, or pay a fee to support it financially?” he asked some of his buddies who belong to the union. “I thought this was a free country, but I don’t feel very free when I’m told that I’ll lose my job if I don’t join the union. It just isn’t fair.” Hector’s comments suggest he favors a(n) __________ shop arrangement.

A. closed

B. open

C. regulated

D. certified

Amie was recently hired at Kreigmeister Industries as a repairperson. She was informed that if she chose not to join the union representing her fellow repair workers, she would still have to pay a fee to the union. Apparently, Kreigmeister operates under a(n):

A. illegal arrangement, since nonmembers can never legally be required to pay fees to unions.

B. closed shop agreement.

C. union shop agreement.

D. agency shop agreement.

In the late 1930s management at Bodenger Industries agreed to hire only those workers who were already members of the Steelworkers Union. Bodenger had agreed to a type of arrangement known as a(n):

A. closed shop.

B. open shop.

C. union shop.

D. restricted shop.

Yogi believes that an agency shop is the most desirable union security arrangement. Which of the following statements would be most likely to represent Yogi’s views?

A. A union can succeed in its collective bargaining efforts only if it represents all workers. Therefore, workers should be required to join the union soon after they are hired.

B. Workers should be allowed to join a union if they wish, but they should not be required to join or pay a fee to the union in order to keep their job.

C. Workers should not be required to join a union to keep their jobs. However, since all workers enjoy the benefits obtained through collective bargaining, even those who do not join should pay a fee to support the union.

D. Unions should be replaced by employee stock ownership plans that give workers a say in the management of their firms.

When union members who have a dispute with a company walk around outside the firm’s place of business carrying signs and talking to the media and public about their concerns, they are using a tactic known as:

A. boycotting.

B. estopment.

C. striking.

D. picketing.

The Food Source Grocery chain stocks the products of Vegi-Delite Food Company at all of their supermarkets. The Teamsters Union is currently involved in a labor dispute with Vegi-Delite. The union has already encouraged its members and the general public not to buy Vegi-Delite products. Now it is threatening Food Source with the possibility of a boycott if it continues to carry the Vegi-Delite line. The union is threatening Food Source with a(n):

A. primary boycott.

B. secondary boycott.

C. jurisdictional boycott.

D. informational boycott.

In July 2009, London Met University workers went on strike and formed picket lines to oppose management’s continued restructuring and the elimination of jobs. It was reported that London postal workers who belong to the Communication Workers Union refused to deliver mail to any building on the London Met campus, in respect of the picket lines and in honor of their fellow trade union members. Essentially, the courtesy that the postal workers gave to the striking employees was a:

A. primary boycott

B. secondary boycott

C. tertiary boycott

D. service industry boycott

When AT&T anticipated that 20,000 mobility workers were planning to strike to show their solidarity against concerns of unfair compensation, management was already calling staffing agents to temporarily employ persons to cover for striking employees. Traditionally, these workers are called ___________.

A. mobile temps

B. picket busters

C. strikebreakers

D. boycotters

The plant where Ima and Boyd work is located in Illinois, which does not have a right-to work law. If the workers approve the union as their bargaining agent, Boyd wants to get the greatest union membership that is legally possible. Boyd is likely to push for a(n):

A. closed shop.

B. agency shop.

C. union shop.

D. sweatshop.

Ty Runt has always taken a hard line against unionization efforts. Two years ago, when workers at his previous company tried to obtain union representation, the company closed down the plant and refused to let employees work until they abandoned their efforts to form a union. This management tactic is called a(n):

A. management strike.

B. secondary boycott.

C. injunction.

D. lockout.

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