the evolution and future of hbcus msis and tribal colleges wk writing

The Evolution and Future of HBCUs, MSIs, and Tribal Colleges

[WLOs: 4, 6] [CLOs: 1, 3]

For this assignment, you will write a five to seven page paper which addresses the following:

  1. Evaluate the political, legal, and socioeconomic factors which lead to the creation and expansion of either (a) HBCUs, (b) Tribal Colleges, or (c) Minority Serving Institutions.
  2. Analyze the current social, economic, or political challenges facing these institutions in contemporary higher education.
  3. Analyze the opportunities of these institutions in shaping public policy and societal change.

Required Resources


Cohen, A. M. & Kisker, C. B. (2010). The shaping of American higher education: Emergence and growth of the secondary system (2nd ed). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

  • Chapter 3: University Transformation as the Nation Industrializes, 1870-1944, pp. 119; 156-157.
  • Chapter 4: Mass Higher Education in the Era of American Hegemony, 1945-1975, pp. 195-199; 215-219.
  • Chapter 5: Maintaining the Diverse System in an Era of Consolidation, 1976-1993, pp. 396-400.
  • Chapter 6: Privatization, Corporatization, and Accountability in the Contemporary Era, 1994-2009, pp. 461-471.

Lucas, C. J. (2006). American higher education: A history (2nd ed). New York, NY: Palgrave McMillan Book.

  • Chapter 5: The Evolving American University, pp. 160-171.
  • Chapter 6: American Academe in the Early Twentieth Century, pp. 212-218; 230-233; 260-266.


Minor, J. T. (2008). Segregation residual in higher education: A tale of two states. American Educational Research Journal, 45(4), 861-885.

Recommended Resources


Witt, A., Wattenbarger, J., Gollattscheck, J., & Suppiger, J. (1994). America’s community colleges: The first century. Washington, DC: Community College Press.


Teresa, B. B., & Lucas, C. J. (2006). The first hundred years. International Educator, 15(6), 26-33.


MinnWins. (2012, Feb 16). White earth nation – education is the answer (Links to an external site.) [Video]. YouTube.

Web Pages

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. (2014). Chronology of major landmarks in the progress of African Americans in higher education (Links to an external site.). Retrieved January 30, 2020, from

U.S. Department of Education. (n.d.). ED: lists of postsecondary institutions enrolling populations with significant percentages of minority students (Links to an external site.). Retrieved January 30, 2020, from

U.S. Department of Education. (n.d.). White House initiative on historically black colleges and universities (Links to an external site.). Retrieved January 30, 2020, from


AIHEC. (n.d.). American Indian Higher Education Consortium (Links to an external site.).

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